Koi Pond kits

As a home for the striking Koi fish, Koi Pond kits are among the most elite options to make a home garden look more pleasing and appealing. Making your garden more peaceful and tranquil, these beautiful ponds offer an unparalleled elegance as an addition to your living area.

They not only add value to your home but also aid in relaxation. Koi ponds are well known for their stress relieving qualities. Most importantly, construction of a pond is not a big deal… you can build one easily with the help of a Koi pond kit!

Look for a unique and stylish kit. The first consideration in purchasing a Koi pond kit is selection of one that is unique and stylish. If you want to make your Koi pond beautiful and original you must buy a kit that is flexible and suits your preferences. The best ponds are planned as a natural landscaped shape rather than a plain circle or oval design. A good kit contains all the equipment needed to build your pond.

A quality Koi pond kit includes EPDM liner (this is made of either plastic or vinyl), underlying liner, solid handling filter pump, water hose, waterfall weir and waterfall foam. EPDM liner works as the base of the pond while ‘underlying liner’ is used as second coating. A larger kit includes a skimmer filter or bio-filter too.

Kits are available in a wide variety of shape and sizes. It is up to you whether you want to go for a small Koi pond with 550-gallon water capacity or a larger one with 1500- gallon water capacity. The dimensions of these two ponds are 6′ x 10′ x 2′ and 11′ x 16′ x 2′ respectively. Medium and extra large Koi ponds kits are also available on the market. These ponds come with the water storing capacity of 800-gallon and 3000-gallon. The normal dimensions of medium and extra large Koi pond kits are 8’x 11’x 2′ and 16′ x 21′ x 2′.

When buying your kit make sure to ask everything you need to know regarding the kit, it’s installation and maintenance.

With the growing popularity of Koi ponds you can usually find a these kits at many major hardware chains, wholesale clubs and local nurseries. They can also be ordered online. Many online stores offer an assortment of varieties and designs. When shopping from the convenience of your own home you can take as much time as you need to compare all the options.

You’ve found the best kit for you…but your pond related shopping has not ended yet. You still need to choose the colorful Koi fish to keep in your pond! Making a happy home for your dazzling Koi begins with choosing the best Koi pond kit.

Safe Pond Liner for Small Koi Ponds and Water Gardens

Most Popular Fish-Safe Pond Liner for Small Koi Ponds and Water Gardens

The first thing you want to do is make sure the pond liner is fish-safe. This is vital. Fish-safe liners come in a variety of thicknesses which are made out of different material. The most popular for a koi pond or water garden are 45 mil EPDM rubber pond liners. These liners are quite thick – about 1/8″ and are very pliable and ‘rubbery’. They remind you of a bicycle inner tube, but thicker. They come in a variety of sizes with dimensions that are divisible by 5′. For instance, a 10′ x 10′ pond liner would come pre-boxed and ready to ship. Pond liners up to 400 square feet (for instance a 20′ x 20′ liner) can be shipped via UPS. Larger, 45 mil EPDM liners which are heavier and packaged differently, require shipment via motor freight and come in rolls with the largest size being 50′ x 100′, all in one piece. These rolls are typically transported to the pond site with a front end loader with a fork that fits into the opening of the roll that the liner is rolled on. These liners can weigh 1,500 pounds or more and once at the site, are rolled out near the pond’s edge and strategically placed into the excavated area.

Most Popular Fish-Safe Pond Liner for Large Fish Ponds

There are a couple of options for those who are looking to build a large fish pond or water garden where they would require a liner larger than 50′ x 100′. In this case, the 2 most popular options are to buy 2 or more rolls of the 50′ x 100′ 45 mil EPDM pond liner (or whatever size you need) and splice them together (see below for splice information) or buy a different kind of liner that comes in a much larger size and is made all in one piece! I’ll explain the two options further so you can decide which sounds the most appealing to you.

How to Splice Two 45 mil EPDM Pond Liners Together

Although there are step-by-step procedures that one must follow to splice 2 pieces of 45 mil EPDM liner together, in a ‘nutshell’ what you need to do is lay both pieces on a very flat surface such as plywood or for larger applications, a flat parking lot or driveway. You unroll each liner and carefully overlap one edge of the liner over the edge of the other pond linersliner. Ideally, this overlapped area should be about 6″ wide for the length of both liners. A two-sided, sticky, EPDM pond liner tape (called a splice tape) is then rolled out onto the edge of the bottom liner which has already been carefully cleaned and primed. The edge of the top liner, which has also been cleaned and primed is carefully laid onto the bottom liner. The spliced area (ie; overlapped area) is then rolled with a roller to make a tighter seal. In addition, an EPDM pond liner cover strip which is approx. 6″ wide and has one side that is sticky, is then adhered over the seam joint from the 2 spliced liners. Next, a bead of rubber caulking made specifically from the manufacturer who created the 45 mil EPDM liner, is ran along both edges of the cover strip. After 24 hours of drying, the liner can then be moved into place. You can splice as many pond liners as you want together in order to create the correct size of liner you need for your application.

The benefit of having a large, 45 mil EPDM pond liner is that it’s a heavy-duty liner and is ‘rubbery’ which gives it greater flexibility and ‘forgiveness’ with any protruding rocks that may surface from the already prepared and raked out area for the pond. The downfall of using a 45 mil EPDM pond liner for larger applications is that it’s heavy which requires higher shipping costs and more manpower to move it into place.

Control Green Pond Algae – A UV Sterilizer is the Best Way

Do you suffer from green pond water, caused by algae blooms? If so then I am willing to bet that you do not have a UV sterilizer or UV clarifier installed in your pond? You do! OK then have you changed the UV bulbs recently?

Without a shadow of a doubt a UV light is essential for all garden ponds where there is metabolic activity taking place. Pond algae blooms are caused by microscopic algae cells (up to 4 microns in diameter) that feed on Nitrates in the pond water. They are particularly prevalent in warm weather conditions, when there is plenty of sunlight.

A small amount of green pond algae is beneficial to aquatic pond life such as Koi and goldfish; they use it as a food source and as a camouflage from herons, king fishers and other predatory birds. Algae blooms also act as a sun shade on hot summer days.

Unfortunately pond algae multiplies at a phenomenal rate and if left untreated will eventually ruin the look of your pond and will start to interfere with the pond pH and levels of oxygen in the pond. Remember that oxygen is vital to the effective oxidization of ammonia into nitrites and then into nitrates by the nitrifying bacteria colonies, housed in your pond biofilter.

The most effective way to control pond algae is to use a UV sterilizer, also known as a UV clarifier, UV light or simply a UV. Some people prefer to use pond algaecide products but if I were you I would not; they interfere with the water quality, may cause fish fatalities if overdosed and may interfere with nitrifying bacteria.

A UV Pond Sterilizer Is Affected By Temperature

The power of blue ultraviolet light that is generated at a particular wavelength is a miracle for pond keepers. UV light occurs naturally in nature and is one of the reasons we get sunburned on holiday.

The effectiveness of a UV sterilizer is affected by temperature to a large extent. At 40 C (104 F) it works at maximum efficiency. A drop in temperature to 20 C (68 F) results in a drop in efficiency to only 50%. If the unit is placed inside the pond then it will work at what ever the water temperature is.

The way manufacturers get around the drop in efficiency is to use a quartz sleeve, which insulates the lamp against cold water temperatures, ensuring maximum efficiency is maintained. Ultraviolet light transmits easily through quartz, but not glass. For this reason quartz sleeves are used instead of glass in the manufacture of UV clarifiers. Beware that not all manufacturers use a quartz sleeve; some use plastic sleeves. Look at the production specification and if it does not have a quartz sleeve, move on!

How Does A UV Sterilizer Work In A Fish Pond?

Pond water is pumped through a quartz tube, preventing cold pond water from coming into contact with the ultraviolet light source. Remember that UV effectiveness is affected by temperature and works optimally at 40C. As the water flows through the sleeve it is bombarded by ultra violet rays, either directly or via highly reflective metal surfaces.

The ultra violet light kills the microscopic algae by destroying the cell walls, causing what is known as flocculation to occur (the dead algae clump together forming a much large mass). This mass is now too big to pass through the mechanical filtration systems employed by your pond filter and is trapped and removed from the pond water.

Other Methods Used To Control Pond Algae

* Pond Algaecides are not in my opinion a good idea for the following reasons: they need to be administered in precise doses; too much can harm nitrifying bacteria colonies and the health of pond fish. They only work for a short period of time. In the long term they will prove to be more costly than buying a UV clarifier in the first place.

* Veggie filters consist of pond plants that are deliberately starved of nutrients. The aquatic plants get their food source from the nitrates in the pond water. They compete with algae for these nutrients and as a result help to keep the pond algae under control. They do not guarantee algae free ponds however.

The only guaranteed way of controlling green pond algae is to use a UV sterilizer. Many modern pond filters incorporate a UV into their design. This means that you have the money saving advantage of biological pond filtration and UV clarification from a single piece of pond keeping equipment. Another advantage of a combined UV pond filter is that the filter and UV have been designed to work together. You do not have to worry about incompatibility issues.